There are many drawing techniques to learn. One of the first things we need to know is how to hold a pencil to be more effective at drawing.
The correct way to hold your pencil or marker, is between the thumb and index finger supported by the middle finger. This is for maximum wrist and finger flexibility.
With chalk or pastels you would only use the thumb and middle finger. This may seem a little awkward at first but after a little practice you will soon see how easy this drawing technique becomes.
Try and not rest your hand or palm on your drawing paper which causes smudges, use the tip of your small finger and wrist bone to draw smooth curves and shapes. There should be plenty of wrist movements with smaller finger movements.
One important point here is to always keep your pencil sharp, very sharp, even if you are using soft leaded pencils. A recommendation is to use one of those battery operated sharpeners, they are clean to use, no mess and your pencil point is pin sharp. This is the way to keep your drawings clean, neat and crisp.
You may ask "What type of pencil should I use?" There is a large variety to
choose from in quality and
hardness. Don't buy the cheapest and not the most expensive to start off
with. Go for the Steadtler 2B to 4B...and take some care with all lead
pencils that you don't drop them (the lead breaks inside which is frustrating
when you sharpen them.)
We have a whole range of goodies coming under drawing techniques. There's lots to master but I will illustrate these drawing techniques wherever possible.
Charcoal is the ideal choice for sketching freely and for creating
soft thick lines. Also charcoal can fill an area rapidly with darker
values and becomes more "painterly" than using a pencil.
If you are new to drawing then practice circles with a complete swing of your wrist without taking your pencil off the paper. If you feel confident then draw something you are passionate about. Try drawing anything with a box-like shape, these should be fairly easy.
A fun way to start off is to draw blindly —that's drawing something without taking your eyes off the thing you are drawing—you only look at what you are drawing. This can teach you to really observe what you are drawing. See "blind" drawing below.
You don't have to be a perfectionist with your first collection of drawings, in fact it builds more confidence if you are not—you should never seek perfectionism in drawing, why? There's no such thing as a perfect "drawing."
"This drawing of mine, does it tell me or other people what it is or represents?" In other words, does it communicate something? If it does, then it is a good drawing!
Developing your drawing skills improves your confidence and ability to observe actually what is in front of you.
So what makes a good drawing and what make a bad one? Really, it depends entirely on who is looking at your masterful drawing. To some, it may seem beautiful, to others quite awful. These viewpoints are based solely on people's experiences, education, culture and even attitudes towards life. An art gallery owner will have (sometimes) a vastly different viewpoint than a supermarket manager.
All artists should have a grasp of others' viewpoints to be successful (if you are pursuing drawing as a career) so you'll need to adjust your technique to the audience you are aiming at. There's a lot more to this which I will be writing about on other pages here.
You can’t draw anything worthwhile if you are bent over with your drawing pad lying flat. You have to be able to "see" your drawing from a distance—that’s why artists stand back from their easel to "get the big picture" where faults show up readily. A good trick is to view your work in a mirror where you will spot anything that does not look quite correct. Also if you are bent over it restricts your hand and arm motion—you need a lot of freedom in sketching.
So a good drawing position is to sit with a straight back while holding your pencil or charcoal at arms length. Your drawing support should be as upright as possible—and if you can’t afford an easel then rest your drawing board at about 60 degrees on the back of a chair while the board rests on your knees.
Simple Drawing Techniques For The Beginner
How To Draw The Basics of Drawing
An overview of what drawing is and how to begin.
Draw Using Sketch It or Sketch Up?
Easy to use for a quick sketch—in 2D or 3D.
Pen and Ink Sketches
Black and White Sketches
Online Drawings—ShowCase Your Work Here
Easy Oil Painting Techniques
Learn how to paint using this 400 year old technique! Paint like the "Old Masters"
Offers you a discussion on pencil art, tutorial videos on drawing techniques and practical applications.
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Your website is beautiful and exudes with goodness—-here is all the info, free of charge, just go and play with it, free your creativity. It would be the perfect site for our 10 year old, who is a keen (and very good) drawer in the sense that she truly enjoys it and will do it in her free time just for fun.