Drawing is a form of visual art that uses different tools to create designs or markings on paper or any two-dimensional medium. Technically, you may consider drawing as one of the most basic forms of art. In fact, some people learned how to draw or sketch before they even learned how to write their names.
While many believe that drawing or sketching is a hard feat, it is actually not. You only need to learn the basic drawing techniques to hone your craft. Here are some excellent tips that you can use to bring out the inner artist in you.
Basic Drawing Materials
Learning how to draw always begins with choosing the right materials. There is a connection between a quality artwork and quality art materials. Below are the materials that you will need to produce sketches.
· Pencil – Most pencils come in different brand packages that have a full range of pencil grades. A pencil set is an excellent choice if you want to play with different shadings and mark varieties.
· Sketchbook – Like pencils, there are a lot of sketchbooks varieties today. The paper texture is openly referred to as the “tooth.” The lighter the paper texture, the smoother the drawing lines that you will produce.
· Eraser – There are also many varieties of erasers. The standard and most common are the rubber erasers.
· Sharpener – a good sharpener is essential to keep your pencils sharp. If you choose a cheap low-quality sharpener, you might end up losing your pencil in a matter of minutes.
Essentials of Drawing
How you handle your pencil will determine what sort of marks you will produce. Below are some pencil handling techniques that you should learn.
· Traditional Grip. Traditional grip is what most people learned how to grip a pencil. This grip is good for emphasizing details.
· Drumstick Grip. You hold the pencil loosely in between your index finger and thumb. This grip makes use of the sides of the exposed graphite and not just the tip.
· Overhand “Tip Heavy” Grip. You hold the midsection of the pencil in between your middle finger and the thumb. Then, you exert pressure onto the tip of the pencil. This grip is particularly used in shading techniques.
· Inverted Grip. You hold the pencil in a manner that it rests upon your forefinger while stabilizing it with your thumb and lower fingers. This grip allows a better view of the drawing since the hand will be out of the way.
the core component of drawing. It is used to create contours, shapes,
and other marks. Hatching is a technique used to create value through lines.
The closer the hatching is, the darker the value.
Other hatching techniques are cross hatching, contour hatching, and random hatching.
The kind of lines you draw are highly dependent on what pencil grade you use.
“H” grade pencils are resistant to smudges and can produce cleaner and finer lines. These set of pencils are good for outlines and light sketches.
“F” and “HB” grade pencils is in the middle of the graphite grade spectrum. It is the standard lead use mainly for writing and easy drawing.
“B” grade pencils are not smudge-resistant. However, they can be quickly erased. Pencils on this grade are the top choice of sketch artists for creating brush-like expressions.
Shading is a technique that can turn a simple drawing into a beautiful piece of art. Shading creates an illusion of form and depth by applying levels of darkness to a drawing. Again, pencil grade is a major factor in determining this.
1. It is advisable that you create a shading guide (like the one below) to familiarize yourself with pencil grades.
2. Use HB pencil grade in drawing preliminary outlines and shading lighter areas of your drawing. If you want a bit darker, use pencil grades between 2B to 4B.
3. If you use a variety of pencil grade in shading your sketch, make sure that each will only cover a small range of values.
4. Use the right shades to emphasize dark shadows, mid-tones, and highlights.
5. Be consistent with applying pressure for each shading stroke.
6. Use thick strokes to achieve a smooth shade.
7. If you are using a highly textured paper, reduce white dots by shading in many layers.
8. Use blending to make your shade look smooth.
9. The most important of all, understand light. Know where you want the light to come from so you know what parts of your drawing need shading.
Drawing Material Care Tips
Your pencil is a fragile tool. It might look sturdy from the outside, but its graphite is not. Same goes with your other drawing materials. Follow these tips on how to take care of them.
· Avoid dropping your pencil to prevent the lead or graphite from breaking.
· Use a safe cushion-lined box for storing your pencils.
· Clean your eraser regularly.
· Keep your sketchpad in a dry place.
Here are your very basics. Become familiar with these 'tools of the trade' and practice daily. It is a wonderful journey of discovery.
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Your website is beautiful and exudes with goodness—-here is all the info, free of charge, just go and play with it, free your creativity. It would be the perfect site for our 10 year old, who is a keen (and very good) drawer in the sense that she truly enjoys it and will do it in her free time just for fun.