Mastering Drawing Techniques

Pencil Drawing Techniques: Learn to Draw a Masterpiece Following These Steps

The Ultimate joy of nearly every artist is coming up with a fabulous sketch. It takes skill and techniques to make meaningful drawings. With the required resources to move on with art, you will need to master the colored pencil drawing techniques.

These include; Stippling, Hatching, Cross-hatching, Back and forth stroke and outlines. Have you heard about mastering pencil drawing techniques? Well, Let us go and dive into them!


Have you come across drawing techniques that involves dots? Great! This is what is referred to as stippling. It involves having many dots on your paper or canvas. You can place the dots close together or slight far apart.

It is essential to try drawing both distances – but not too far apart as the dots have to be an integral part of your overall drawing or painting. In painting these dots are called 'pointillism." This is what the French impressionists used to apply as “an optical mixture” where you place a dot of yellow and then blue to create green. This worked very well which depends on how far or near you view from!

You will also notice that stippling applies a similar principle to hatching, but the difference is that the lines are small (tiny dashes that give the "form" direction). Stippling is suitable for blending where light pressure is applied but it is good to vary the pressure to make your drawings interesting.


Hatching is a drawing technique where you draw a series of parallel straight lines. The lines must head in the same direction. Like the dots in stippling, the lines in hatching can be far apart but never too far apart or somewhere in between.

You should lift the pencil from your paper after drawing each line and then place it down again to come up with a new line. Precisely, hatching is just drawing small lines together to create a fill color. You can make the shading heavy or light by adding or reducing pressure.


This involves drawing a series of straight lines heading to one direction. You then come up with another series of lines heading in an opposite direction or any other direction that is different from the first lines. Wouldn’t that result into some interesting textures? Yes!

Cross hatching is the same as hatching with the only difference being drawing lines in 45 degree to 90 degrees. You can use cross hatching to add some darker or lighter shades to your drawings. Variation is the key to shading in a successful drawing.

Back and Forth Stroke

This technique is arguably one of most popular pencil drawing techniques. Do you know that you did this as a kid? Now you know. In this back and forth stroke, you just place the pencil on paper and draw by a forth and back motion ensuring that you don’t lift the pen. One other thing, you have to use some speed. The shade that you need depends on the pressure that you choose to apply. This technique fits where there is an outline of the subject. It keeps the fill shade within the required area.

The Outline

This technique is the most basic. You can decide to use a light outline or a heavy outline. With the light outline, you can use it to create your guidelines. You can use a ruler or just free hand. You need to reduce the pressure and take it slow with a flowing motion.

You can let the top side of the pencil face the direction where you want to draw the line. This facilitates an easier flow. For a heavy outline, you can use it while finalizing your work. These can be done free hand to enable more control. Note when you hold the pen closer to your nib, this offers an added control over line accuracy.

Here are pencil drawing techniques tips that will help you:

Layer your colors
Build many layers of colors. Relying on one color to bring you success is wrong. Layering colors will make your art more realistic.

Mix colors
Mixing colors makes your art interesting. Like for instance, you can try using yellow or blue to indicate grass instead of the same manufactured color green.

Do the Outline Last
Are you happy with the drawing? Now do the outline. Colored pencils overlap very easily allowing you to do the outline last.

Take Your Time
Drawing hastily denies you time to be creative. Take your time to craft that object.

Color With Thick Media
Building up the color makes the color complex and intense. Avoid use the paper value to make the shades and tints.

Have you mastered the pencil drawing techniques? You can now create drawings of your dreams. You need to use these tips too. Drawing is easy and Fun!  Stick with it, won'tcha?


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